Australian Bush Adventure Therapy Bibliography

This bibliography is now a little out of date. If you would like to contribute to it, please email info@aabat.org.au.

It is currently sorted by year of publication.


Nicholls, V. E. (n.d.). The Yin Yang of a wilderness therapy experience. Retrieved from http://www.development.tas.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0020/18416/06yinyangwt_.pdf

Raymond, I. J. (2014). Operation Flinders evaluation: Detailed analysis of forensic outcomes. Adelaide, Australia: Flinders University.

Allen-Craig, S. (2013). Does outdoor education have a role to play in introducing and connecting students to the natural environment? 6th International Outdoor Education Research Conference. Dunedin, NZ.

Bowen, D. J., & Neill, J. T. (2013). A meta-analysis of adventure therapy outcomes and moderators. The Open Psychology Journal, 6. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874350120130802001

Cotton, S., & Butselaar, F. (2013). Outdoor adventure camps for people with mental illness. Australasian Psychiatry, 21(4), 352–358. https://doi.org/10.1177/1039856213492351

Knowles, B. (2013). Journeys in the bush. International Journal of Narrative Therapy & Community Work, (03), 39–48.

Northam, J. C. (2013). From high risk to high ropes: A comparison of substance treatment programs for at-risk adolescents. University of Canberra.

Pointon, K. J. (2013). 2012 Churchill Fellowship Report: Crime prevention and adventure therapy programs. Retrieved from http://www.churchilltrust.com.au/media/fellows/2012_Pointon_Kylie.pdf.

Allen-Craig, S., & Hartley, C. (2012). Exploring the long-term effects for young women involved in an outdoor education program aimed at promoting accepting challenge, community action, leadership abilities and environmental connection. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 4(2), 88–91.

Allen-Craig, S., & Ronalds, L. (2012). A wilderness based therapeutic intervention for young people at risk of homelessness and educational disconnection. In A. Pryor, C. Carpenter, C. L. Norton, & J. Kirchner (Eds.), Emerging insights: Proceedings of the Fifth International Adventure Therapy Conference 2009. Prague, Czech Republic: European Science and Art.

Epilepsy Action Australia, & Bowen, D. J. (2012). A preliminary evaluation of Magnetic Island Family Camp (27th – 29th April, 2012) and Point Wolstoncroft Family Camp (25th – 27th May, 2012).

Gray, T., & Neill, J. T. (2012). Program evaluation in outdoor and experiential education. In T. Dickson & T. Gray (Eds.), Risk management in the outdoors: A whole of organisation approach for education, sport and recreation(pp. 132–139). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Gray, T., & Stuart, K. (2012). The power of storytelling in adventure education. In A. Pryor, C. Carpenter, C. L. Norton, & J. Kirchner (Eds.), Emerging insights: Proceedings of the Fifth International Adventure Therapy Conference 2009(pp. 221–235). Prague, Czech Republic: European Science and Art.

Pryor, A., Carpenter, C., Norton, C. L., & Kirchner, J. (2012). Emerging insights: Proceedings of the Fifth International Adventure Therapy Conference 2009. Prague, Czech Republic: European Science and Art.

Schell, L., Cotton, S., & Luxmoore, M. (2012). Outdoor adventure for young people with a mental illness. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7893.2011.00326.x

Smith, B., Gailitis, L., & Bowen, D. J. (2012). A preliminary evaluation of Goldbridge adventure therapy substance abuse treatment program.

Baker, D. (2011). The effects of adventure and wilderness therapy: A meta-analytic review. James Cook University, Townsville, Australia.

Lawrence-Wood, E., & Raymond, I. J. (2011). Exploring post-program psychological adjustment for adult staff facilitating a wilderness adventure program. Journal of Experiential Education, 33(4), 323–337. https://doi.org/10.5193/jee33.4.323

Mulvaney, T. R. (2011). Efficacy of outdoor therapy interventions: Meeting life skills and well-being objectives for at-risk young people? A mixed methods evaluation. University of Canberra, Bruce, Australia.

Pointon, K. J. (2011). Prevention of anti-social behaviour:  Genuine self-forgiveness and willingness to change . Flinders University.

Raymond, I. J., & Lappin, S. (2011). Summary report: Northern Territory youth camp intervention strategy. Mixed method evaluation commissioned by the Northern Territory Government, Darwin, Australia.

Gillespie, E., & Allen-Craig, S. (2009). The enhancement of resilience via a wilderness therapy program: A preliminary investigation. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 13(1), 39–49.

Neill, J. T. (2009). Outdoor education meta-analyses.

Nicholls, V. E. (2009). Quiet Time: A sense of solitude. In Fourth International Outdoor Education Research Conference. Beechworth, Australia.

Pryor, A. (2009). Backyard blitz agency manual: The dads and kids activity program. Melbourne, Australia: Drummond Street Relationship Centre and Centre for Family Research and Evaluation.

Pryor, A. (2009). Bushmob: A socio-cultural approach to youth service delivery in Central Australia. Alice Springs, Australia: Bushmob Inc.

Pryor, A. (2009). Wild adventures in wellbeing: Foundations, features and wellbeing impacts of Australian outdoor adventure interventions (OAI). Deakin University, Burwood, Australia.

Pryor, A. (2009). Backyard blitz outcome evaluation: An active parenting program for dads and their kids. Melbourne, Australia: Drummond Street Relationship Centre and Centre for Family Research and Evaluation.

Pryor, A. (2009). Mind discovery trips: Small group outback adventures for young people in recovery. Melbourne, Australia: Outcome Evaluation. Mind Australia.

Williams, I. R. (2009). Depression prevention and promotion of emotional wellbeing in adolescents using a therapeutic outdoor adventure intervention: Development of a best practice model. University of Melbourne.

Carpenter, C. (2008). Changing spaces: Contextualising outdoor experiential programs for health and wellbeing. Deakin University, Victoria.

Carpenter, C. (2008). Changing spaces: Contextualising outdoor experiential programs for health and wellbeing. Deakin University, Victoria.

Dickson, T., Gray, T., & Mann, K. A. (2008). Australian outdoor adventure activity benefits catalogue. Retrieved from http://outdoorcouncil.asn.au/doc/OutdoorActivityBenefitsCatalogueFinal270808.pdf

Neill, J. T. (2008). Enhancing life effectiveness: The impacts of outdoor education programs. University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Nicholls, V. E. (2008). Busy doing nothing: Researching the phenomenon of” quiet time” in a challenge-based wilderness therapy program. University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Nicholls, V. E., & Gray, T. (2008). Sense and sensibility: Reality and romanticism in human/nature relationships. In D. Mitten & C. M. Itin (Eds.), Connecting with the essence: Proceedings of the Fourth International Adventure Therapy Conference. Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

Nicholls, V. E., Gray, T., & Hoban, G. (2008). Busy doing nothing: Researching the phenomenon of quiet time in outdoor experiential learning. 11th International Conference on Experiential Learning. Sydney, Australia.

Pryor, A. (2008). Backyard blitz process evaluation: An active parenting program for dads and their kids . Melbourne, Australia: Drummond Street Relationship Centre and Centre for Family Research and Evaluation.

Pryor, A. (2008). Australian outdoor adventure interventions: Summary report. Melbourne, Australia: Deakin University, School of Health and Social Development.

Ronalds, L., & Allen-Craig, S. (2008). Preventing family and educational disconnection through wilderness-based therapy targeting youth at risk. ACHPER Australia Healthy Lifestyles Journal, 55(4), 7–16.

Allen-Craig, S., & Miller, J. (2007). Can outdoor educators make a difference? The effect of outdoor educators on achieving program outcomes. ACHPER Healthy Lifestyles Journal, 54(2), 5–12.

Carpenter, C., Cameron, C., Cherednichenko, B., & Townsend, M. (2007). What changes? Marginalised young people’s expectations and experiences of a therapeutic adventure in nature. Australian Association for Research in Education. Perth, Australia. Retrieved from http://aare.edu.au/07pap/car07145.pdf

McLeod, B., & Allen-Craig, S. (2007). What outcomes are we trying to achieve in our outdoor education programs? Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 11(2), 41–49.

Neill, J. T. (2007). A measurement tool for assessing the effects of adventure-based programs on outcomes for youth-at-risk participants. Retrieved from http://wilderdom.com/tools/leq/YouthDevelopmentLEQScalesPaper.htm

Nicholls, V. E., & Gray, T. (2007). The role of stillness and quiet when developing human/nature relationships. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 11(1), 21–28.

Pryor, A., & Field, K. (2007). Why go bush? A look at the effects of nature-contact, outdoor adventures and bush adventure therapy on young people’s wellbeing. Illawarra and South Coast Youth Services Annual Conference. Coolangatta, Australia.

Adams, A. (2006). Existential psychology: How does it Influence wilderness therapy? In 4th International Adventure Therapy Conference(pp. 1–11). Roturua, New Zealand: Association for Experiential Education.

Crisp, S. J. R. (2006). Taking a risk for adolescents: Wilderness adventure therapy. InPsych: Bulletin of the Australian Psychological Society, 28(4), 22–23.

Maller, C., Townsend, M., Pryor, A., Brown, P. J., & St Leger, L. (2006). Healthy nature healthy people: ‘Contact with nature’ as an upstream health promotion intervention for populations. Health Promotion International, 21(1), 45–54. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dai032

Neill, J. T. (2006). Historical and developmental aspects of academic knowledge about adventure therapy. Retrieved from http://wilderdom.com/adventuretherapy/adventuretherapyhistoricalacademic.html

Pryor, A., Townsend, M., Maller, C., & Field, K. (2006). Health and well-being naturally: “contact with nature” in health promotion for targeted individuals, communities and populations. Intervention and program evaluation. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 17(2), 114–123. Retrieved from http://search.informit.com.au/fullText;res=APAFT;dn=200608940

Neill, J. T. (2005). What is adventure therapy? Retrieved from http://wilderdom.com/adventuretherapy/adventuretherapyabout.html

Pryor, A., Carpenter, C., & Townsend, M. (2005). Outdoor education and bush adventure therapy: A socio-ecological approach to health and wellbeing. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 9(1), 3–13.

Walker, A. J., Onus, M., Doyle, M., Clare, J., & McCarthy, K. (2005). Cognitive rehabilitation after severe traumatic brain injury: A pilot programme of goal planning and outdoor adventure course participation. Brain Injury, 19(14), 1237–1241.

Beringer, A. (2004). Toward an ecological paradigm in adventure programming. Journal of Experiential Education, 27(1), 51–66.

Carpenter, C., & Pryor, A. (2004). A confluence of cultures: Wilderness adventure therapy practice in Australia and New Zealand. In S. Bandoroff & S. Newes (Eds.), Coming of age: The evolving field of adventure therapy(pp. 224–239). Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

Crisp, S. J. R. (2004). Envisioning the birth of a profession: A blue-print of evidence based, ethical, best practice. In S. Bandoroff & S. Newes (Eds.), Coming of age: The evolving field of adventure therapy. Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

Crisp, S. J. R., & Hinch, C. (2004). Treatment effectiveness of WAT: A comprehensive evaluation.

Crisp, S. J. R., & Noblet, M. (2004). Guidelines for the practice of Wilderness Adventure Therapy . Melbourne, Australia: Neo Publications.

Lan, P. G., Sveen, R. L., & Davidson, J. (2004). A Project Hahn empirical replication study. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 8(1), 37–43.

Neill, J. T. (2004). Family adventure therapy: Overview, theory and research. Retrieved from http://wilderdom.com/adventuretherapy/FamilyAdventureTherapy.html

Neill, J. T. (2004). Are the mountains still speaking for themselves? Retrieved from http://wilderdom.com/facilitation/mountainsmaterial.html#Summary

Nicholls, V. E. (2004). Busy doing nothing: Exploring the merits of inactivity within the context of an activity oriented challenge based wilderness therapy program. In AARE International Education Research Conference. Melbourne, Australia. Retrieved from http://www.aare.edu.au/04pap/nic04839.pdf

Raymond, I. J. (2004). Wilderness therapy: Is it the “magical cure” for marginalised youth. Paper gepresenteerd op de conferentie van de Australian Association for Environmental Education. Croydon Park.

Thomas, M. (2004). The potential unlimited programme: An outdoor experiential education and group work approach that facilitates adjustment to brain injury. Brain Injury, 18(12), 1271–1286.

Beringer, A., & Martin, P. B. (2003). On adventure therapy and the natural worlds: Respecting nature’s healing. Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning, 3(1), 29–39. https://doi.org/10.1080/14729670385200221

Crisp, S. J. R. (2003). Publishing spurious research findings won’t build a profession: Response to Brand’s (2001) evaluation of the wilderness enhanced program. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 7(2), 52–57.

Crisp, S. J. R. (2003). Treatment effects of a group based coping skills intervention for high-risk day-patient adolescents with and without a history of suicidal behaviour. La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.

Crisp, S. J. R. (2003). An evaluation of Typo Station.

Crisp, S. J. R., Noblet, L., & Hinch, C. (2003). Guidelines for the practice of Wilderness Adventure Therapy: Findings from the Systemic Wilderness Adventure Therapy Research And Development (SWATRAD) project. Melbourne, Australia: YouthPsych Consulting.

Gray, T. (2003). Burnt or baked?:  Implications for ethical and quality practice in adventure therapy. Third International Adventure Therapy Conference. Vancouver Island, Canada.

Neill, J. T. (2003). Reviewing and benchmarking adventure therapy outcomes: Applications of meta-analysis. Journal of Experiential Education, 25(3), 316–321.

Neill, J. T., Marsh, H. W., & Richards, G. E. (2003). The Life Effectiveness Questionnaire: Development and psychometrics. Sydney, Australia: University of Western Sydney.

Pryor, A. (2003). The outdoor experience program: Wilderness journeys for improved relationships with self, others and healthy adventure. In K. Richards & B. Smith (Eds.), Therapy within adventure. Augsberg, Germany: Zeil.

Raymond, I. J. (2003). Risk, criminogenic need and responsivity: An evaluative framework applied to the Operation Flinders wilderness therapy program for youth-at-risk. University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.

Raymond, I. J., & Heseltine, K. (2003). Wilderness adventure therapy: Beyond intuitive appeal. Offender Programs Newsletter, Issue 5. Department of Justice, Western Australia.

Conway, J. (2002). Evaluation of wilderness and adventure therapy programs for young people. Victoria, Australia. Retrieved from http://www.jss.org.au/files/Docs/policy-and-advocacy/publications/Outdoor_experience.pdf

Crisp, S. J. R. (2002). Barwon Health Adolescent Mental Health Service, GO WEST: Evaluation report. Geelong, Australia: Barwon Health.

Crisp, S. J. R. (2002). Australian Wilderness Adventure Therapy Accreditation Scheme. Retrieved from http://www.neopsychology.com.au/pdf/austWatAccreditationScheme.pdf

Neill, J. T. (2002). Meta-analytic research on the outcomes of outdoor education. In Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium. Bradford Woods, IN.

Adams, A. (2001). Can Do Project: Bush counselling program for drug and alcohol clients in rehabilitation. Retrieved from http://www.development.tas.gov.au/?a=4256

Brand, D. (2001). A longitudinal study of the effects of a Wilderness-Enhanced Program on behaviour-disordered adolescents. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 6(1), 40–56.

Crisp, S. J. R., & Noblet, L. (2001). The Adventure Challenge Experience – ACE program: Evaluation report. Victoria, Australia: Rotary Club of North Balwyn.

Gray, T., & Birrell, C. (2001). Fairytales and storytelling in outdoor education:  I would like to see that. 12th National Outdoor Education Conference. Bendigo, Australia.

Gray, T., Birrell, C., & Chapman, J. (2001). Burnout:  A place under the heat lamp. 12th National Outdoor Education Conference. Bendigo, Australia.

Knuckey, D., & Rankine, P. (2001). Wilderness therapy & youth with disabilities: An Operation Flinders – IDSC project. Second National Youth Development Conference. Glenelg, Australia.

Mohr, P., Heseltine, K., Howells, K., Badenoch, D., Williamson, P., & Parker, A. (2001). Evaluation of Operation Flinders wilderness adventure program for youth at risk. Adelaide, Australia: The Forensic and Applied Psychology Research Group.

Neill, J. T. (2001). The impact of Outward Bound Challenge Courses on disadvantaged youth.

Neill, J. T. (2001). A profile of outdoor education programs and their implementation in Australia. In National Assembly for Youth Development World Convention. Miyazaki, Japan.

Neill, J. T., & Dias, K. L. (2001). Adventure education and resilience: The double-edged sword. Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning, 1(2), 35–42.

Adams, A. (2000). Special project in bush counselling: A partnership between the Bridge Centre & Project Hahn. Retrieved from http://www.development.tas.gov.au/?a=4257

Adams, A., & Sveen, R. L. (2000). An holistic model of bush counselling: Cornerstones of practice. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 5(1), 28–38.

Brand, D., & Smith, M. (2000). Wilderness and delinquents: Strategies for avoiding a “Lord of the flies” experience. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 4(2), 18–21.

Burns, G. W. (2000). When watching a sunset can help a relationship dawn anew: Nature-guided therapy for couples and families. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 21(4), 184–190.

Crisp, S. J. R., O’Donnell, M. J., Kingston, L., Poot, A., & Thomas, N. E. (2000). Innovative multi-modal day-patient treatment for severely disordered at risk adolescents. In N. N. Singh, J. P. Leung, & A. N. Singh (Eds.), International Perspectives on Child and Adolescent Mental Health(Vol. 1, pp. 331–345). Kidlington, United Kingdom: Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1874-5911(00)80020-2

Dickinson, S. (2000). An analysis and profile of major emotional episodes and their antecedents, on a six day wilderness expedition. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 4(2), 32–39.

Dickson, T. J., Chapman, J., & Hurrell, M. (2000). Risk in outdoor activities: The perception, the appeal, the reality. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 4(2), 10–17.

Gray, T., Birrell, C., & Chapman, J. (2000). Burnout: Nourishing the soul. Second International Adventure Therapy Conference. Augsburg, Germany.

Stolz, P. (2000). The power to change through the change to power: Narrative therapy, power and the wilderness enhanced model. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 4(2), 4–9.

Beringer, A. (1999). On adventure therapy and earth healing: Toward a sacred cosmology. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 4, 33–39.

Brand, D., & Smith, M. (1999). Key elements of a successful wilderness program for delinquents: A summary. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 4(1), 40–47.

Denholm, C., & Sveen, R. L. (1999). “If only you knew what i’ve just done”: Adolescent memories from a Tasmanian wilderness primary prevention programme. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 3(2), 20–26.

Gordon, S., Houghton, S., & Edwards, J. (1999). How people change: Implications for outdoor educators. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 3(2), 15–19.

Purdie, N., & Neill, J. T. (1999). Japanese students down-under: Is Australian outdoor education relevant to other cultures? Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 4(1), 48–57.

Adams, A., Sveen, R. L., & Denholm, C. J. (1998). The aftermath of the Port Arthur incident: The response by Project Hahn to adolescent needs. In C. M. Itin (Ed.), Exploring the boundaries of adventure therapy: International perspectives. Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

Brand, D. (1998). A longitudinal study of behaviour-disordered adolescents and the effects on them of a wilderness-enhanced program. University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Crisp, S. J. R. (1998). International models of best practice in wilderness and adventure therapy. In C. Itin (Ed.), Exploring the boundaries of adventure therapy: International perspectives. Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

Crisp, S. J. R., & Aunger, N. (1998). Wilderness-adventure therapy in adolescent mental health: A case study of a 15-year-old girl with psychological and social problems. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 2(3), 17–25.

Crisp, S. J. R., & O’Donnell, M. (1998). Wilderness Adventure Therapy in Adolescent Psychiatry. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 3(1), 47–57.

Neill, J. T., & Heubeck, B. (1998). Adolescent coping styles and outdoor education: Searching for the mechanisms of change. In C. M. Itin (Ed.), Exploring the boundaries of adventure therapy: International perspectives. Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

Neill, J. T., & Richards, G. E. (1998). Does outdoor education really work? A summary of recent meta-analyses. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 3(1), 2–9.

Price, R., & DeBever, M. (1998). The Windana Therapeutic Community’s Action Adventure Program. In C. M. Itin (Ed.), Exploring the boundaries of adventure therapy: International perspectives(pp. 360–367). Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

Crisp, S. J. R. (1997). International models of best practice in wilderness and adventure therapy: Implications for Australia. Melbourne, Australia: Austin & Repatriation Medical Centre.

Crisp, S. J. R. (1997). Book reviews: Wilderness therapy for women: The power of adventure, E. Cole, E. Erdman, & E. D. Rothblum (Eds). Australian Psychologist, 32(3), 216–217. https://doi.org/10.1080/00050069708257383

Crisp, S. J. R. (1997). Therapeutic adventure around the world: A Churchill Fellowship investigation into wilderness and adventure therapy and related mental health programs. Journeys, 2(3), 9–11.

Hattie, J. M., Marsh, H. W., Neill, J. T., & Richards, G. E. (1997). Adventure education and Outward Bound: Out-of-class experiences that make a lasting difference. Review of Educational Research, 67(1), 43–87. https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543067001043

Houghton, S., Carroll, A., & Shier, J. (1997). A wilderness program for young offenders in Western Australia. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 24(1–2), 183–202. https://doi.org/10.1300/J076v24n01_13

Kingston, L., Poot, A., & Thomas, N. E. (1997). The brief intervention program under the microscope: A five year review of an adolescent day program. Melbourne, Australia: Child & Adolescent Mental Health Service, Austin & Repatriation Medical Center.

McDonald, T. (1997). Outward Bound and adolescence: Self-esteem and sex role characteristics. University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia.

Neill, J. T. (1997). Gender: How does it effect the outdoor education experience? In 10th National Outdoor Education Conference(pp. 183–192). Sydney, Australia.

Reddrop, S. (1997). Outdoor programs for young offenders in detention: An overview. Hobart, Australia: National Clearinghouse for Youth Studies.

Sveen, R. L., & Denholm, C. J. (1997). Testing the theoretical fit of an abseiling harness: A study of an Australian primary and secondary prevention program. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 18(2), 213–225. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024642508725

Craigie, S. (1996). The effect of Outward Bound on the self concept of year nine and ten boys. University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Crisp, S. J. R. (1996). When does wilderness adventure become therapeutic? The need for broader frameworks: Experiential reconstruction of developmental foundations. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 2(1), 9–18.

Holmes, P. (1996). Kids on Top II expedition: The LEQ research findings and summary. 7th International Confernece on the Reduction of Drug Related Harm. Hobart, Australia.

Holmes, P. (1996). Kids on Top II: A cross country skiing expedition with young people who are at risk of or use drugs. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 2(3), 11–16.

Neill, J. T. (1996). A pilot evaluation of Outward Bound/Jobnet Programs for young people with an intellectual disability. Thaws, Australia: Outward Bound Australia.

Sveen, R. L. (1996). Adolescent participants in a wilderness-based challenge: An evaluation of a primary and secondary prevention program. University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.

Neill, J. T., & Heubeck, B. (1995). Abseil anxiety and confidence: A pilot study. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 1(2), 28–30.

Sveen, R. L. (1995). Wilderness-based primary and secondary prevention: Evaluating theory and practice. 9th National Outdoor Education Conference. Southport, Australia.

Neill, J. T. (1994). The effect of Outward Bound high school programs on adolescents’ self-concept, mental health, and coping strategies. The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

Neill, J. T., & Richards, G. E. (1994). Results of the new Australian Outward Bound challenge course. Canberra, Australia: Australian Outward Bound Foundation.

Neill, J. T., & Richards, G. E. (1994). An analysis of a series of sail training voyages. Canberra, Australia: National Outdoor Education and Leadership Services.

Pawlowski, M., Holme, G., & Haffner, R. J. (1993). Wilderness therapy for psychiatric disorder. Mental Health in Australia, 5(1), 8–14.

Sveen, R. L., Bowling, N., & Williams, M. (1993). Travelling in the wilderness: Experiential learning and youth at risk. Youth Studies Australia, 12(3), 14–20.

Sveen, R., & Denholm, C. (1993). Reflections by youth following a wilderness challenge program. Criminology Australia, 5(2), 19–24.

Sveen, R. L. (1990). Project Hahn: An evaluation of probationers experience since 1983. In First National Symposium onOutdoor/Wilderness Programs for Offenders. Birrigai, Australia.

Scherl, L. M. (1989). Self in wilderness: Understanding the psychological benefits of individual‐wilderness interaction through self-control. Leisure Sciences, 11(2), 123–135. https://doi.org/10.1080/01490408909512212

Marsh, H. W., & Richards, G. E. (1988). The Outward Bound bridging course for low-achieving high school males: Effect on academic achievement and multidimensional self-concepts. Australian Journal of Psychology, 40, 281–298.

Scherl, L. M. (1988). Constructions of a wilderness experience: Using the repertory grid technique in the natural setting. Australian Psychologist, 23(2), 225–242. https://doi.org/10.1080/00050068808255607

Felstead, B. (1987). The outdoor experience program and adolescent offender self-concept. Canberra, Australia: Australian Outward Bound Foundation.

Scherl, L. M., Easley, A. T., Passineau, J. F., & Driver, B. L. (1987). The wilderness experience: A psychological evaluation of its components and dynamics. In 4th World Wilderness Congress(pp. 11–22). Estes Park, CO.

Burdsal, S., & Force, R. C. (1983). An examination of counselor ratings of behavior problem youth in an early stage, community-based intervention program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39, 353–360.

Paul, J. (1981). A descriptive study of wilderness advenutre programs for delinquent youth. Footscray Institute of Technology, Footscray, Australia.

Richards, G. E., & Richards, M. F. J. (1981). Outward Bound Bridging Course 1981: An investigation and evaluation of an Outward Bound Remedial Programme. Sydney, Australia: The Australian Outward Bound Foundation.

Backhouse, M., Craig, D., & Packer, J. (1978). A review of the Outward Bound Spring Board Course for slow learners. Tharwa, Australia: Outward Bound Australia.